request Action

The request action carries out a single HTTP or HTTPS request to load content from remote upstream servers. If you want to do multiple requests in parallel, use the requests action instead.

Syntax

  • content="..." to set the ID for a request (optional, default is main)

Usage

You can use a JSON template with the features defined below.

Example: GET request

<request content="my_request">
{
"url": "http://www.example.com/foo",
"method": "GET",
"headers": {
"User-Agent": "foo",
"X-Foo": "value 1, value 2"
},
"query": {
"a": 37,
"b": "c"
}
}
</request>

Example: POST request

<request content="my_request">
{
"url": "http://www.example.com/foo",
"method": "POST",
"headers": {
"User-Agent": "foo",
"X-Foo": "value 1, value 2"
},
"post": [
{ "name": "a", "value": "b" },
{ "name": "a", "value": "foo" }
]
}
</request>

The response body will be written into fit://request/content/<ID>. It can be accessed with the content function: content(<ID>). Additional information about the response, such as headers and status code can be found in the $upstream variable.

id

The id property sets the request ID. If id is set in the JSON object, is not null and not "", it will be used and a content attribute on the request element will be ignored.

encoding

The encoding property sets the character encoding used for the URI including the query string and POST form data. Its value must be a string. The default value is UTF-8.

url

The url property sets the request URL. If url is set in the JSON object, is not null and not "", it will be used and a url attribute on the request element will be ignored.

Example:

"url": "http://www.example.com/api/v1/endpoint"

method

The method property sets the request method. Its value must be a string. If method is set in the JSON object, is not null and not "", it will be used and a method attribute on the request element will be ignored.

The default value is GET. However, if post, upload or body are set in the JSON object, the default value will be POST.

Example:

"method": "POST"

headers

The headers property sets the request headers. Its value must be a JSON object, with each header field name and value set as properties with values of the JSON objects. If multiple header fields with the same name should be set, the values must be concatenated in advance.

Example:

"headers": {
"User-Agent": "foo",
"content-type": "application/octet-stream",
"X-Foo": {{ concat("value1", ",", "value2") }}
}

cookies

The cookies property sets the cookies, i.e. it sets a Cookie request header. Its value must be one of the following:

  • a JSON object with the cookie key value pairs as properties; or

  • an array of JSON objects with name and value properties; the objects must have both name and value properties name must not be empty; other properties are ignored.

If the value is either a non-empty JSON object or a non-empty array, any Cookie header set via headers will be ignored.

Example: cookies as a JSON object

"cookies": {
"a": "b",
"c": "foo"
}

Example: cookies as an array

"cookies": [
{ "name": "a", "value": "b" },
{ "name": "c", "value": "foo" }
]

query

The query string of the request URL can be set as part of url. The query property sets the query string explicitly. Its value must be one of the following:

  • a string (without the "?");

  • a JSON object with the query parameters as properties; or

  • an array of JSON objects with name and value properties; the objects must have both name and value properties name must not be empty; other properties are ignored.

Example: query as a string

"query": "a=12&b=foo&a=13"

Example: query as a JSON object

"query": {
"a": 37,
"b": "c"
}

Example: query as an array

"query": [
{ "name": "a", "value": 12 },
{ "name": "a", "value": "foo" }
]

post

The post property sets the post parameters (an x-www-form-urlencoded request body). Its value must be one of the following:

  • a JSON object with the post parameters as properties; or

  • an array of JSON objects with name and value properties; the objects must have both name and value properties name must not be empty; other properties are ignored.

Example: post as a JSON object

"post": {
"a": "b",
"c": "foo"
}

Example: post as an array

"post": [
{ "name": "a", "value": "b" },
{ "name": "a", "value": "foo" }
]

📎 If both post and body are set, post wins.

body

The body property sets the request body, in case the body is not x-www-form-urlencoded. Its value must be a JSON object with either

  • a src property setting the body location (a reference to the actual body content), or

  • a value property setting the body content.

The optional mime property sets the Content-Type request header. If no mime property is set, the content type is determined automatically.

Example: body with src using the predefined $body variable to pass the incoming request body

"body": {
"src": "$body"
}

Example: body with src using a URL

"body": {
"src": "fit://site/conf/body.xml",
"mime": "application/xml+foo"
}

Example: body with string value

"body": {
"value": "boohooo",
"mime": "text/plain"
}

Example: body with JSON value

"body": {
"value": {
"user": "fred",
"pass": "wilma"
},
"mime": "application/json"
}

Example: body with template placeholder

"body": {
"value": {{ $body }},
"mime": "text/plain"
}

📎 If both body and post are set, post wins.

uploads

The uploads property sets the content to be uploaded. Its value must be an array of JSON objects with at least

  • a name property, indicating the field name

and

  • either a src property, indicating the location of the file

  • or a value property, containing the content to be uploaded.

The optional filename property sets the filename. The optional mime property set the MIME type of the uploaded content.

Example: uploads with src or value

"uploads": [
{
"name": "foo_html",
"src": "fit://site/conf/foo.html",
"filename": "foo.html",
"mime": "text/html"
},
{
"name": "foo_json",
"src": "$json",
"filename": "foo.json"
},
{
"name": "foo_text",
"value": "some random text",
"filename": "foo.txt"
}
]

options

The options property sets the request options. Its value must be a JSON object. The following options are valid:

  • timeout - Maximum time in seconds for processing a request (type: number, default: $FIT_FETCH_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT)

  • connect-timeout - Maximum time in seconds for establishing a connection to a server (type: number, default: $FIT_FETCH_DEFAULT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT))

  • time-to-first-byte-timeout - Maximum time in seconds for reveiving the first byte (type: integer, default: $FIT_FETCH_DEFAULT_LOW_SPEED_TIMEOUT)

  • send-x-forwarded-for - Whether to include the client's IP address in an X-Forwarded-For header (type: boolean, default false)

  • set-response-headers - The HTTP response header fields to set in the response (type: object with field name as key and string or array of string as value)

  • tls-version - The TLS version (valid values: "auto", "TLSv1", "TLSv1.0", "TLSv1.1", "TLSv1.2")

  • tls-ciphers - Ciphers to use for TLS connections (type: string)

  • client-certificate-file - Path to the client certificate (.pem) (type: string)

  • client-certificate-password - The certificate password (type: string)

  • transport-protocol - Protocol for communication with the upstream system (valid values: http, https)

  • transport-server - Backend server to communicate with (type: string)

  • transport-port - Port for communication with the upstream system (type: integer)

  • proxy-server - Proxy server hostname with port (type: string)

  • proxy-credentials - Authentication data for the proxy server (type: string)

  • use-http-cache - Whether to enable the HTTP cache (type: boolean, default: false)

  • respect-client-cache-headers - Whether to respect incoming cache headers (type: boolean, default: false)

  • follow-redirects - Whether to automatically follow redirects (type: boolean, default: false)

  • max-redirects - Maximum number of consecutive redirects to follow (type: integer)

  • basic-auth-credentials - Basic Authentication credentials for the upstream system (type: string)

  • query-encoding-raw-chars - Characters in the query string to exclude from the URL encoding (type: string)

  • disable-connection-reuse - Whether to disable the reuse of HTTP connections (type: boolean, default: false)

  • mock-response - Whether to mock the response (type: boolean, default: false)

  • validate-request - Whether to validate the request (valid values: true, false, "report-only", default: false)

  • validate-response - Whether to validate the response (valid values: true, false, "report-only", default: false)

  • definition - The path to the swagger definition file (type: string)

  • exit-on-error - if true, abort normal processing of the flow in case of validation errors. If configured, the error flow is run. Otherwise a standard error message is substituted as a response to the request (type: boolean, default false)

Example:

"options": {
"timeout": 5,
"follow-redirects": true,
"max-redirects": 10,
"basic-auth-credentials": "user:s3CreT",
"validate-response": true,
"set-response-headers": {
"Cache-Control": "s-maxage=3600",
"Set-Cookie": [ "a=1", "b=2" ]
}
}

📎 Any request options set in a conf/sources.xml file that match the requested domain and path will also be applied to your request. Options directly set in the action have precedence, though. We do not recommend using conf/sources.xml.

See also